Life Lab

Life Lab cultivates children's love of learning, healthy food, and nature through garden-based education.

Planting Perennials

What are Perennial Plants?

Perennial plants are plants that live for two or more years. Perennial plants grow for several years and go through repeated flowering and seed producing cycles before they die or put out one seed production cycle, and then die. Perennial plantings serve as a foundation for your garden and can serve various purposes such as:

•  attracting wildlife and providing habitat for beneficial insects such as pollinators and predators

•  food production (such as fruit trees and vines)

•  medicinal uses

•  ornamental uses

Perennial plants are usually easier to maintain than annual vegetable crops and once planted perennials provide a place of beauty and interest for years to come.
 

There are many considerations to take into account when selecting perennials:

•  evergreen vs. deciduous (green year-round or lose their leaves)

•  flowering, fruiting months and colors – it makes most sense choose plants that will fruit or flower when school is in session.

•  size and structure – will the mature size of the plant your are planting fit properly in the space you are planting it?

•  uses of plant (culinary herbs, ornamental uses, medicinal uses, habitat, food production, ect)

•  light requirements – will the plant you are planting receive the appropriate amount of light throughout the year

•  appropriate climatic zones

 

Climate Zones for Perennial Plants

To determine which plants are suitable for a climate zone gardeners refer to plant hardiness charts or “climate zones”.

There are two zone charts that are commonly used in the western region: the USDA Zone and the Sunset Western Garden Zones.

The USDA Zones range from 1-13, with one being a colder zone with annual average minimum temperature of –50F or below and 13 being a warmer zone annual average minimum temperature of 40F or above. In California most locations fall between zone 7-10.

View the USDA Zone map.

The Sunset Garden Zones are similar to the USDA Zones but are more detailed allowing for a more specific match of a plant's ideal environmental preferences and a location's climate. There are 24 Sunset zones and the Sunset Western Garden Book is an indispensable resource that lists thousands of plants, their zones and growing information for the Western US.

Learn more about Sunset's climate zones.

To find out your specific zone ask your nursery professional, contact your County's Master Gardener www.mastergardeners.org , or view the zone maps listed above.

To find out what zone a particular plant will thrive in refer to the plant label or a resource such as the Western Garden Book or website.

Here are a few more points to consider when planting perennials:

  • “Herbaceous” perennial plants die back to the ground in the winter and regrow in the spring, “Woody or Deciduous” perennials lose their leaves but not their structure, and “Evergreen” perennials keep their leaves during the winter. Keep these characteristics in mind when planning your garden's design.
  • Evergreen perennials can be planted any time of the year, but for most of California the best time of year is in the fall. This allows plants root systems to get established before their growing season and to take advantage of winter rains.
  • Bare root perennials such as fruit trees and vines should be planted in the dormant season (winter months or late winter months if your ground is frozen).
  • Most bulbs are planted in the fall for spring blooming dates.

Introduction to Perennial Plants

Selecting Fruit Trees & Vines for CA School Gardens

Growing California Natives

Suggested Perennials and Perennial Themed Gardens

 

Learn about edible crop planning and planting annual crops

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This year's Slow Food Santa Cruz Edible Garden Tour highlights and benefits Watsonville School Gardens! 10 a.m on September 10th

The tour starts at H.A. Hyde Elementary the most impressive production school garden in the county!

Join the tour to explore programs that engage children and teachers in organic gardening, provide fresh nutritious snacks at recess, and share organic vegetable boxes with the families of participating students.

There will be an after-party and silent auction to raise funds for Slow Food Santa Cruz and the Watsonville school gardens starting at 2 p.m. at Elkhorn Slough Brewing!
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It is our last week of Garden Sprouts and Wildlands and Watering Cans day camps :( But we know the fun, tastes, songs, stories and magic of the outdoors will be waiting for everyone next summer.

Meanwhile we will be sharing nourishment and learning all school year with thousands of school children via field trips and school garden instruction.

Bring learning to life in the garden!
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Great Summer Workshop! A summer visit to Santa Cruz is even better when you attend a Growing Classroom Workshop. Gain some inspiration for your outdoor teaching at our 2-day intensive on garden-based learning. August 2-3 - great food, great people, great location, great garden, great workshop. Early bird registration ends 7/20 www.lifelab.org/for-educators/professional-development/gcworkshops/tgc/ ... See MoreSee Less

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Thanks @foodwhatfarm for the workday BLAST: deer fence up - check, field weeded and planted - done, signs painted - beautiful, perennials planted - love it! ... See MoreSee Less

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Rachel Pringle

Rachel PringleSenior Director of ProgramsEducation Outside

Life Lab has been the most innovative and relevant organization in this field. From providing the best curriculum to their cutting edge professional development, we have relied on Life Lab as our go to organization for support, ideas, and collaboration.

Erica Curry

Erica CurryTraining and Professional Development ManagerFoodCorps

Life Lab provides truly inspiring training. Their breadth of experience, joy for teaching, and commitment to sharing knowledge highlight the best practices in food and garden education.

Sheila Bricken

Sheila BrickenKindergarten TeacherSan Lorenzo Valley Elementary

Thank you for such a wonderful field trip experience! Your leaders did such a great job at keeping our kids engaged.

Tara Neier

Tara NeierCamp ParentSummer camp mom

Terry had another awesome two weeks at Life Lab. I think he learns more there than in any other part of his year. School is great, but he’s passionate (and often dogmatic) about what he learns there.